What are Common Complications in Pregnancy?

A woman needs to be under proper care during the pregnancy period. There are several complications which arise during pregnancy and these can cause severe damage to the mother and the child. You need to be cautious about everything during the pregnancy period. For example, your diet must be proper and controlled one. You must not stress over anything and take rest whenever you feel. Also, you need to be attended by someone during the last three months of the pregnancy period. This is because the chances of complications are high at that time. Here we have listed some of the most common and harmful complications which can cause severe damage to the mother and the child.

Vomiting and Nausea During Pregnancy Period

Also known as NVP, this condition is referred to as morning sickness. After the last menstrual period before pregnancy, this condition occurs during the 4th to 7th week of the pregnancy period. During this period, women experience severe nausea and vomiting. Although it resolves by the second trimester if it doesn’t then consult your doctor. Every pregnant woman suffers from NVP during the first trimester of pregnancy. Hyperemesis gravidarum is the worst form of NVP. This condition leads to ketosis, weight loss, persistent vomiting, electrolyte disturbances, and volume depletion.

Anemia due to Iron Deficiency

It is a common condition in women which aggravates during pregnancy. The iron deficiency in women is caused by low hemoglobin which is below 110 g/L. In such conditions, women experience various symptoms such as fatigue, labored breathing, low energy levels, etc. During pregnancy, the body requires a good amount of iron supply. A pregnant woman needs 2.5 mg of iron per day during the pregnancy period. This, in turn, sums up to 680 mg of iron for 9 months of pregnancy. Deficiency of iron leads to low birth weight and premature birth of babies.

Miscarriage

Miscarriage can be defined as spontaneous or involuntary loss of pregnancy before the completing of 22 weeks. Further, this leads to vaginal bleeding with supra-pubic pain. Every 1 out of 3 pregnant woman experiences miscarriage due to several reasons. You can diagnose it with the help of a transvaginal ultrasound scan.

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Ectopic Pregnancy

Under this condition, the fertilized ovum is implanted and matures outside the uterine endometrial cavity. This, in turn, leads to ovum maturing in the ovary, fallopian tube or the abdomen. There are a series of symptoms to this condition, such as vaginal bleeding, abdominal pain, and amenorrhea. Under severe situations, urgent surgical treatment might be required depending on the patient’s condition. If left untreated, it can aggravate to the death of the mother. The risks related to this condition are the genital infection, tubal sterilization surgery and releasing IUDs.

Placenta Praevia

This condition can cause severe, partial or no damage at all. It all depends on how the pregnancy progresses. This condition is often caused during the second or third trimester of pregnancy. The most common symptom is vaginal bleeding. The condition is caused due to multiple pregnancies, previous c-section, miscarriages, induced abortion, etc. Apart from these, there are other reasons as well, which are illicit drug use, placental abnormalities, etc. The only risk factor is the premature delivery of the baby. Further, the mother can also face life-threatening consequences.

Molar Pregnancy

Under this condition, the mother might experience chromosomally abnormal pregnancy. As a result of this, she might suffer from, GTD, fetal tissue tumor, hydatidiform moles, etc. Vaginal bleeding is the only symptom of this condition. Women above the age of 35 when conceiving, have a higher risk of GTD.

Abdominal Pain during Pregnancy

Abdominal pain is caused due to many reasons and these are a miscarriage, ectopic pregnancy, pre-term labor, ovarian hyper-stimulation syndrome, etc. Besides all these, late pregnancy-related conditions such as uterine rupture, HELLP syndrome, acute fatty liver, and placental abruption can also cause abdominal pain. Urological and gynecological conditions can also lead to abdominal pain. You need to be sure of the reason if you are experiencing any during the pregnancy period.

Gestational Hypertension

This is a common condition which occurs in the second and third trimester of pregnancy. The mother experiences an unusual rise in the blood pressure levels which is above 140/90. The risk factors of Gestational Hypertension are nulliparity and other conditions affecting pregnancy. Gestational Hypertension often leads to c-section for the well being of the mother and the child.

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Gestational Diabetes Mellitus

A major complication which can cause severe damage to your pregnancy is gestational diabetes. Gestation is the period of conception and birth. If you test positive for diabetes during this period, then your child might be diabetic at birth as well. Also, there are other health complications related to this which are a polycystic ovarian syndrome, weight gain, birth injuries, etc.

Toxoplasmosis

This is a parasitic disease which is caused by the Toxoplasma Gondii protozoan. This condition develops when the mother consumed undercooked meat or raw meat, food contaminated with cat feces, etc. The condition at an acute state is asymptomatic. On the contrary, if left untreated then at severe state, it might cause fetal death, blindness, mental retardation, etc. It is recommended to consult your doctor and stay under observation through regular checkups.

Complications in pregnancy are a common thing nowadays. These are caused due to various reasons and can be resolved easily. Only if the condition is untreated for a long time, then it might cause severe damage to your health. You need to be cautious about your health, your diet and your child’s health during pregnancy. Always follow the instructions as prescribed by your doctor.

If you experience anything unusual, consult your doctor. Do not consume any medicine without your doctor’s permission. During pregnancy, a woman’s body goes through lots of hormonal changes. This, in turn, results in physical, mental, emotional and psychological changes as well. All these are pretty common during pregnancy. Proper care and doctor’s consultation can help you have a healthy pregnancy period without any complications.

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